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‘Consider furniture that looks Swedish ... or the properties of looking sad or looking delighted’
‘One can explain the apparently perceptual phenomenon thus. There is some kind such that the thing or person appears to be of that kind, and the person judges that things of that kind are (say) Swedish people [sic].’
‘But such a division ... does not ... fit the case of perception of the expression of an emotion. ... There is no kind described without reference to the emotions of which one can say that the facial expression appears to be of that kind and it is merely an additional judgement on the part of the person that people looking that way are sad.’
Peacocke (2004, 66)
L: For any object O and functional property F, if the perceptual anticipations in one’s perception of O ‘latch onto’ the functional role definitive of F, then one perceives O as being F.
‘If we define mental state M as that property one has if one will behave in way B given input I, and [...] one perceptually anticipates that if I occurs then one will perceive B, then one’s perceptual states ‘latch onto’ property M’
Do any perceptual states latch onto happiness?
‘This is a matter open to empirical and phenomenological confirmation ... [I]t seems likely to me’
Smith (2010, 741-2)